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Daily Trivia - July 1

Births

1481 - King Christian II of Denmark, Sweden and Norway (d. 1559)
1506 - King Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1526)
1534 - King Frederick II of Denmark (d. 1588)
1574 - Joseph Hall, English bishop and writer (d. 1656)
1586 - Claudio Saracini, Italian composer (d. 1630)
1633 - Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian (d. 1698)
1646 - Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, German mathematician and philosopher (d. 1716)
1676 - Anthony Collins, English philosopher (d. 1729)
1723 - Pedro Rodríguez, Conde de Campomanes, Spanish statesman and writer (d. 1802)
1725 - Comte de Rochambeau, French soldier (d. 1807)
1742 - Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, German physicist (d. 1799)
1804 - George Sand, French writer (d. 1876)
1807 - Thomas Green Clemson, American university founder (d. 1888)
1818 - Ignaz Semmelweis, Hungarian physician (d. 1865)
1863 - William Stairs, Canadian explorer (d. 1892)
1869 - William Strunk Jr., American grammarian (d. 1946)
1872 - Louis Blériot, French aviation pioneer (d. 1936)
1879 - Léon Jouhaux, French labor leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1954)
1899 - Thomas A. Dorsey, American father of gospel music (d. 1993)
1899 - Charles Laughton, English actor (d. 1962)
1902 - William Wyler, French-born film director (d. 1981)
1903 - Amy Johnson, English pilot (d. 1941)
1906 - Estée Lauder, American cosmetics entrepreneur (d. 2004)
1908 - Peg Entwistle, Welsh actress (d. 1932)
1909 - Bill Stern, American sportscaster (d. 1971)
1912 - David R. Brower, American environmentalist (d. 2000)
1912 - Sally Kirkland, American fashion editor (d. 1989)
1915 - Willie Dixon, American singer, songwriter, and musician (d. 1992)
1916 - Olivia de Havilland, British actress
1917 - Humphry Osmond, British psychiatrist
1921 - Seretse Khama, first President of Botswana
1925 - Farley Granger, American actor
1926 - Robert Fogel, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
1926 - Hans Werner Henze, German composer
1926 - Carl Hahn, German automotive executive
1929 - Gerald Edelman, American biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1930 - Bobby Day, American singer (d. 1990)
1931 - Leslie Caron, French actress
1934 - Jamie Farr, American actor
1934 - Jean Marsh, English actress
1934 - Sydney Pollack, American film director, producer, and actor
1941 - Alfred G. Gilman, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1941 - Myron Scholes, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
1941 - Twyla Tharp, American choreographer
1941 - Rod Gilbert, Canadian hockey player
1942 - Karen Black, American actress
1942 - Geneviève Bujold, Canadian actress
1942 - Andraé Crouch, American singer, conductor, and actor
1945 - Deborah Harry, American musician, (Blondie)
1946 - June Montiero, American singer (Toys)
1949 - John Farnham, Australian singer
1950 - John S. Chen, Hong Kong businessman
1951 - Fred Schneider, American singer (The B-52's)
1952 - Dan Aykroyd, Canadian actor
1961 - Kalpana Chawla, astronaut and engineer (d. 2003)
1961 - Diana, Princess of Wales, (d. 1997)
1961 - Carl Lewis, American athlete
1961 - Michelle Wright, Canadian singer, songwriter, and musician
1961 - Malcolm Elliott, British cyclist
1963 - Roddy Bottum, American musician (Faith No More and Imperial Teen)
1965 - Harald Zwart, Norwegian film director
1967 - Pamela Anderson, Canadian model and actress
1968 - Tim Abell, American film and television actor
1971 - Missy "Misdemeanor" Elliott, American singer
1971 - Julianne Nicholson, American actress
1972 - Claire Forlani, American actress
1975 - Sufjan Stevens, American musician
1976 - Patrick Kluivert, Dutch footballer
1976 - Ruud van Nistelrooy, Dutch footballer
1977 - Jarome Iginla, Canadian hockey player
1977 - Liv Tyler, American actress
1981 - Tadhg Kennelly, Australian footballer
1982 - Adrian Ward, American football player
1982 - Carmella DeCesare, American model
1982 - Hilarie Burton, American actress

Deaths

251 - Decius, Roman Emperor (b. 207)
251 - Herennius Etruscus, Roman Emperor (b. ca. 227)
868 - Ali al-Hadi, Shia Imam (b. 828)
1109 - King Alfonso VI of Castile (b. 1040)
1277 - Baibars, Mameluk sultan of Egypt (b. 1223)
1592 - Marc Antonio Ingegneri, Italian composer
1614 - Isaac Casaubon, French-born classical scholar (b. 1559)
1622 - William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle, British politician (b. 1575)
1681 - Oliver Plunkett, Irish saint (b. 1629)
1708 - Emperor Tekle Haymanot I of Ethiopia (b. 1706)
1774 - Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, English statesman (b. 1705)
1782 - Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1730)
1784 - Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, German composer (b. 1710)
1819 - Jemima Wilkinson, American preacher (b. 1752)
1860 - Charles Goodyear, American inventor (b. 1800)
1894 - Allan Pinkerton, American private detective (b. 1819)
1896 - Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author (b. 1811)
1925 - Erik Satie, French composer (b. 1866)
1944 - Tanya Savicheva, Russian diarist (b. 1930)
1948 - Achille Varzi, Italian race car driver (b. 1904)
1950 - Eliel Saarinen, Finnish architect (b. 1873)
1961 - Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French writer (b. 1894)
1964 - Pierre Monteux, French conductor (b. 1875)
1965 - Wally Hammond, English cricketer (b. 1903)
1971 - William Lawrence Bragg, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1890)
1974 - Juan Perón, President of Argentina (b. 1895)
1981 - Carlos de Oliveira, Portuguese writer (b. 1921)
1981 - Rushton Moreve, American bass player (b. 1948)
1983 - R. Buckminster Fuller, American architect and philosopher (b. 1903)
1984 - Moshe Feldenkrais, Ukrainian-born educator (b. 1904)
1991 - Michael Landon, American actor (b. 1936)
1992 - Francisco Mendes, Guinea-Bissauan politician (b. 1933)
1995 - Wolfman Jack, American radio personality (b. 1939)
1996 - William T. Cahill, Governor of New Jersey (b. 1904)
1997 - Robert Mitchum, American actor (b. 1917)
1999 - Edward Dmytryk, Canadian-born film director (b. 1908)
1999 - Guy Mitchell, American popular singer (b. 1927)
1999 - Forrest Mars Sr., American candy magnate (b. 1904)
1999 - Sylvia Sidney, American actress (b. 1910)
2000 - Walter Matthau, American actor (b. 1920)
2001 - Nikolay Basov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1922)
2003 - Herbie Mann, American jazz flutist (b. 1930)
2003 - Wesley Mouzon, American boxer (b. 1927)
2003 - N!xau, Namibian actor (b. 1944)
2004 - Peter Barnes, English writer (b. 1931)
2004 - Marlon Brando, American actor (b. 1924)
2005 - Luther Vandross, American singer (b. 1951)
2005 - Obie Benson, American musician (b. 1936)
2006 - Fred Trueman English cricketer (b. 1931)

Events

251 – The battle of Abrittus is won by Goths against Romans. Roman Emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed.
1097 - Battle of Dorylaeum: Crusaders under Bohemond of Taranto defeat a Turkish army under Qilich Arslan I.
1690 - Battle of the Boyne as reckoned under Julian calendar.
1782 - American privateers attack Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.
1858 - The joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society.
1862 - Russian State Library is founded.
1862 - American Civil War: The Battle of Malvern Hill takes place, the final battle in the Seven Days Campaign, part of the George McClellan's Peninsula Campaign.
1863 - American Civil War: the Battle of Gettysburg begins.
1867 - The British North America Act, 1867 takes effect as the Constitution of Canada, creating the Canadian Confederation; John A. Macdonald sworn as first Prime Minister.
1870 - The United States Department of Justice formally comes into existence.
1873 - Prince Edward Island joins the Canadian Confederation.
1878 - Canada joins the Universal Postal Union.
1881 - World's first international telephone call takes place between St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada, and Calais, Maine, USA.
1881 - General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Army's organisation, came into effect.
1885 - United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada.
1890 - Canada and Bermuda linked by telegraph cable.
1916 - First day on the Somme: On the first day of the Battle of the Somme 20,000 soldiers of the British Army are killed and 40,000 wounded.
1921 - Communist Party of China was founded.
1933 - Canadian Parliament suspends all Chinese immigration.
1935 - Regina, Saskatchewan police and Royal Canadian Mounted Police ambush strikers participating in On-to-Ottawa-Trek.
1942 - World War II: First Battle of El Alamein.
1943 - Tokyo City merged with Tokyo Prefecture and was dissolved. Since then, no city in Japan has had the name "Tokyo." (Present-day Tokyo is not a city.)
1957 - The International Geophysical Year begins (until December 31, 1958).
1958 - The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation links television broadcasting across Canada via microwave.
1958 - Flooding of the St. Lawrence Seaway begins.
1959 - The Party of the African Federation (PFA) holds its constitutive conference.
1960 - Independence of Somalia.
1962 - Independence of Rwanda.
1962 - Independence of Burundi.
1963 - ZIP Codes are introduced for United States mail.
1963 - The British Government admits that former diplomat Kim Philby had worked as a Soviet agent.
1963 - The Beatles release She Loves You as a single in the United Kingdom.
1966 - First colour television transmission in Canada, from Toronto.
1967 - The European Community is formally created out of a merger with the Common Market, the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Commission.
1968 - The CIA's Phoenix Program is officially established.
1968 - The Nuclear non-proliferation treaty signed by about sixty countries in Geneva, Switzerland.
1968 - Formal separation of the United Auto Workers from the AFL-CIO.
1972 - Andreas Baader, Jan-Carl Raspe and Holger Meins of the Red Army Faction are captured in Frankfurt after a shootout with the police.
1976 - Portugal granted autonomy to Madeira.
1979 - Sony introduces the Walkman.
1980 - O Canada officially becomes the national anthem of Canada.
1983 - A North Korean Ilyushin Il-62M jet en route to Conakry Airport in Guinea crashes into the Fouta Djall Mountains in Guinea-Bissau, killing all 23 people on board.
1987 - Excavation begins on the Channel Tunnel.
1988 - Bologna, Italy: Quartetto Cetra's last concert after over forty years' musical career.
1990 - East Germany accepts the Deutsche Mark as its currency, thus uniting the economies of East and West Germany.
1991 - The Warsaw Pact is officially dissolved at a meeting in Prague.
1997 - The United Kingdom hands sovereignty over Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China.
1999 - The Scottish Parliament is officially opened by Queen Elizabeth on the day powers are officially transferred from the old Scottish Office in London to the new devolved Scottish Executive in Edinburgh.
2000 - Vermont's civil unions law goes into effect.
2001 - Aliso Viejo officially becomes the 34th city in Orange County, California.
2002 - A Bashkirian Airlines Tupolev TU-154 and a DHL (German cargo) Boeing 757 collide in mid-air over Ueberlingen, southern Germany, killing 71.
2003 - In Hong Kong, 500,000 people march to protest a new anti-subversion law.
2004 - In Hong Kong, 530,000 people march to urge a faster pace of democratisation and universal suffrage.
2004 - Saturn Orbit Insertion of Cassini-Huygens begins at 01:12 UT and ends at 02:48 UT.
2004 - Horst Köhler becomes the Federal President of Germany.
2005 - Revaluation of the Romanian Leu.
2006 - The first operation of Qinghai-Tibet Railway in China.
2006 - Austria hands over Presidency of the European Union to Finland.

Holidays

Canada Day (formerly Dominion Day) - national holiday of Canada. Moving Day in the province of Québec
Memorial Day in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day.
Surinam Keti Koti (Breaking of Chains) Day of Liberty; On July 1, 1863 slavery was abolished.
In Bulgaria, there is a tradition called July Morning dating from the hippy period in 1980s and maybe as far back as the 1970s. Young (and not so young) people from all over the country travel (often hitchhike) to the Black Sea coast to meet the first sun rays on the 1st of July. Naturally Uriah Heep's July Morning is the main refrain. Although the tradition is linked to the hippy movement in America, it is still popular in Bulgaria. Strangely, it seems that there is no such tradition in other European countries.
1899 - Indiana Jones's birthday.
     
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