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Daily Trivia - September 4

Births

1241 - King Alexander III of Scotland (d. 1286)
1454 - Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, English politician (d. 1483)
1563 - Wanli, Emperor of China (d. 1620)
1596 - Constantijn Huygens, Dutch poet and composer (d. 1687)
1717 - Job Orton, English dissenting minister (d. 1783)
1768 - François-René de Chateaubriand, French writer and diplomat (d. 1848)
1803 - Sarah Childress Polk, First Lady of the United States (d. 1891)
1824 - Anton Bruckner, Austrian composer (d. 1896)
1832 - Antonio Agliardi, Italian diplomat (d. 1915)
1846 - Daniel Burnham, American architect and urban planner (d. 1912)
1851 - John Dillon, Irish nationalist (d. 1927)
1886 - Albert Orsborn, the 6th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1967)
1891 - Fritz Todt, Nazi official (d. 1942)
1892 - Darius Milhaud, French composer (d. 1974)
1895 - Nigel Bruce, English actor (d. 1953)
1896 - Antonin Artaud, French playwright, actor, and director (d. 1948)
1905 - Mary Renault, English novelist (d. 1983)
1906 - Max Delbrück, German biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1981)
1908 - Edward Dmytryk, American film director (d. 1999)
1908 - Richard Wright, American writer (d. 1960)
1913 - Stanford Moore, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1982)
1917 - Henry Ford II, American industrialist, president of Ford Motor Company from 1945 to 1960
1918 - Paul Harvey, American radio broadcaster
1920 - Teddy Johnson, British singer
1924 - Joan Aiken, English writer (d. 2004)
1925 - Forrest Carter, American author
1927 - John McCarthy, American computer scientist
1928 - Dick York, American actor (d. 1992)
1929 - Thomas Eagleton, Former US Senator from Missouri
1931 - Mitzi Gaynor, American actress
1932 - Carlos Romero Barcelo, former Governor of Puerto Rico
1932 - Dinsdale Landen, English actor (d. 2003)
1934 - Clive Granger, Welsh-born economist, Nobel Prize laureate
1937 - Dawn Fraser, Australian swimmer
1937 - Mikk Mikiver, Estonian actor and director (d. 2006)
1941 - Marilena Chaui, Brazilian philosopher
1941 - Sushilkumar Shinde, Indian politician
1946 - Gary Duncan, American guitarist (Quicksilver Messenger Service)
1946 - Greg Elmore, American drummer (Quicksilver Messenger Service)
1948 - Samuel Hui, Hong Kong singer
1957 - Khandi Alexander, American actress
1957 - Patricia Tallman, American actress
1959 - Kevin Harrington, Australian actor
1960 - Damon Wayans, American actor and comedian
1963 - John Vanbiesbrouck, American ice hockey goaltender
1968 - Mike Piazza, baseball player
1970 - Igor Cavalera, Brazilian drummer (Sepultura)
1970 - Daisy Dee, West Indian-born singer and actress
1971 - Maik Taylor, Northern Irish footballer (goalkeeper)
1973 - Jason David Frank, American actor
1977 - Ian Grushka, American musician (New Found Glory)
1981 - Beyoncé Knowles, American singer
1982 - Alessandra Rubi Streignard Villarreal, Spanish singer

Deaths

799 - Musa al-Kazim, Shia Imam (b. 745)
1037 - King Bermudo III of Leon (b. 1010)
1063 - Toghrül, Turkish conqueror of Persia and Baghdad
1199 - Joan of England, Queen consort of Sicily, wife of William II of Sicily (b. 1165)
1537 - Johann Dietenberger, German theologian
1588 - Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, English politician (b. 1532)
1767 - Charles Townshend, English politician (b. 1725)
1780 - John Fielding, English magistrate and social reformer (b. 1721)
1784 - César-François Cassini de Thury, French astronomer (b. 1714)
1794 - John Hely-Hutchinson, Irish statesman (b. 1724)
1804 - Richard Somers, American naval officer
1852 - William MacGillivray, Scottish naturalist and ornithologist (b. 1796)
1864 - John Hunt Morgan, American Confederate military leader (b. 1825)
1907 - Edvard Grieg, Norwegian composer (b. 1843)
1909 - Clyde Fitch, American dramatist and playwright (b. 1865)
1916 - José Echegaray y Eizaguirre, Spanish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1832)
1965 - Albert Schweitzer, Alsatian physician and missionary, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1875)
1974 - Marcel Achard, French playwright (b. 1899)
1977 - E. F. Schumacher, German economist and statistician (b. 1911)
1986 - Hank Greenberg, baseball player (b. 1911)
1987 - Bill Bowes, English cricketer (b. 1908)
1989 - Georges Simenon, French author (b. 1903)
1989 - Ronald Syme, New Zealand-born classicist and historian (b. 1903)
1991 - Tom Tryon, American actor and novelist (b. 1926)
1991 - Dottie West, American singer (b. 1932)
1993 - Hervé Villechaize, French actor (b. 1943)
1995 - William Kunstler, American lawyer and activist (b. 1919)
1997 - Aldo Rossi, Italian architect (b. 1931)
2001 - Hank the Angry Drunken Dwarf, American radio personality (b. 1962)
2003 - Tibor Varga, Hungarian violinist and conductor (b. 1921)
2003 - Lola Bobesco, Romanian-Belgian violinist (b. 1921)
2004 - Alphonso Ford, American basketball player (b. 1971)
2004 - Moe Norman, Canadian golfer (b. 1929)
2004 - James O. Page, American paramedic (b. 1936)
Roman festivals - start of the Ludi Romani a.k.a. Ludi Magni, until 19 September.
RC Saints - Saint Rosalia, Saint Rose of Viterbo
Also see September 4 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
BBC: On This Day

Events

476 - Romulus Augustus, the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, is deposed when Odoacer proclaims himself King of Italy.
1260 - The Senese Ghibellines, supported by the forces of King Manfred of Sicily, defeat the Florentine Guelphs at Montaperti.
1781 - Los Angeles, California, is founded as El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora La Reina de los Ángeles de Porciúncula (the City of Our Lady, the Queen of the Angels of the Little Portion) by a group of 44 Spanish settlers.
1870 - Emperor Napoleon III of France is deposed and the Third Republic is declared.
1886 - Indian Wars: After almost 30 years of fighting, Apache leader Geronimo surrenders with his last band of warriors to General Nelson Miles at Skeleton Canyon in Arizona.
1888 - George Eastman registers the trademark Kodak, and receives a patent for his camera which uses roll film.
1894 - In New York City, 12,000 tailors strike against sweatshop working conditions.
1923 - In Lakehurst, New Jersey, the first U.S. airship, the USS Shenandoah, takes to the sky for the first time.
1940 - World War II: The USS Greer becomes the first United States ship fired upon by a German submarine in the war, even though the United States is a neutral power. Tension heightens between the two nations as a result.
1944 - World War II: The British 11th Armoured Division liberate the Belgian city of Antwerp.
1945 - World War II: Japanese forces surrender on Wake Island after hearing word of their nation's surrender.
1948 - Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicates for health reasons.
1949 - Maiden flight of the Bristol Brabazon.
1950 - The "Beetle Bailey" comic strip begins.
1950 - Darlington Raceway is the site of the inaugural Southern 500, the first 500-mile NASCAR race.
1951 - The first live transcontinental television broadcast takes place in San Francisco, California, from the Japanese Peace Treaty Conference.
1957 - American Civil Rights Movement: Little Rock Crisis - Orville Faubus, governor of Arkansas, calls out the National Guard to prevent black students from enrolling in Central High School in Little Rock.
1957 - The Ford Motor Company introduces the Edsel.
1963 - Swissair Flight 306 crashes near Dürrenäsch, Switzerland, killing all on board.
1964 - Scotland's Forth Road Bridge, near Edinburgh, officially opens.
1967 - The last new episode of the television sitcom Gilligan's Island airs on CBS-TV.
1967 - Vietnam War: Operation Swift begins: U.S. Marines launch a search-and-destroy mission in Quang Nam and Quang Tin Provinces. The ensuing four-day battle in Que Son Valley kills 114 Americans and 376 North Vietnamese.
1971 - A Boeing 727 carrying Alaska Airlines Flight 1866 crashes into the side of a mountain near Juneau, Alaska, killing all 111 people on board.
1971 - In the U.S., The Lawrence Welk Show airs its last show on ABC-TV before moving to syndication which would last until 1982.
1972 - Mark Spitz wins his seventh swimming gold medal at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany, becoming the first Olympian to win seven gold medals.
1972 - Israeli Athletes taken hostage by Palestinian Black September (group) at 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich massacre
1972 - The Price Is Right returns to television as The New Price Is Right on CBS, hosted by Bob Barker (it is still on the daytime schedule at present). The Joker's Wild and Gambit also premiere on CBS.
1972 - KOCE, a PBS station for Huntington Beach, CA starts showing programs.
1995 - The Fourth World Conference on Women opens in Beijing with over 4,750 delegates from 181 countries in attendance.
1996 - War on Drugs: Colombian Revolutionary Armed Forces (FARC) attack a military base in Guaviare, starting three weeks of guerrilla warfare that will claim the lives of at least 130 Colombians.
1997 - In Lorain, Ohio, United States, the last Ford Thunderbird rolls off the assembly line.
     
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